Polish cavalry charged 700 Tatar cavalryman vanguard and made them withdraw. MINTS DESCRIPTION: Hodów, a village near Pomoryany, about 80 km from Lviv (in the borderland between Halych Land and Podolia; at the present a village in Ternopil Oblast (province) in Ukraine). The reverse design depicts a Polish “Hussar from Okopy” sent in defence of invading Tatar forces. They were commanded by Konstanty Zahorowski. A mounted Hussaar in full charge is a dynamic piece of work and the map background grounds the imagery to a specific time and place. After the battle, King John III Sobieski commissioned a monument which commemorated this pivotal victory. Your email address will not be published. The king paid for replacement horses for the forces at Hodow, as well as medical care for  the soldiers, and ordered a monument commemorating the victory. The first encounter took place on the fields near Hodów. AD 1694. In June 1694 Tatars invaded Polish territory with aim to loot and capture prisoners for ransom.

The Crimean Khanate had invaded Poland with a force numbering massively larger, perhaps as many as 40,000, but certainly at least 25,000. For the next 6 hours Polish troops resisted relentless Tatar attacks. Enter your email address if you would like to be notified when a new post is posted: I agree to be emailed to confirm my subscription to this list, Poland: National hero August Emil Fieldorf features on latest “Enduring Soldiers” series silver coin, A preview of the 2018 New York International Numismatic Convention, Latvia: Commemorative €2 coin celebrating the centenary anniversary of independence released on the 31st January. The Kingdom of Poland responded. Legend has it that the battle, which is sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae, was fought between anywhere from 10,000 to 25,000 Crimean Khanate and just 400 members of the Polish cavalry, among whom were plenty of hussars. Interestingly, when they had run out of bullets, they loaded their arms with heads of Tatar arrows, which hailed down in a huge amount during several-hour-long exchange of fre. Among the hussars’ most impressive yet often overlooked triumphs is the Battle of Hodow in 1694. The Okopy forces were supported by 200 Mikołaj Tyszkowski’s cavalrymen from other border fort – Szaniec Panny Marii (Virgin Mary Rampart). The hussar is seen in front of a background of a rough drawing depicting fortification of Okopy Świętej Trójcy. Celebrate by using your credit card to buy Art Mint’s new credit card coin. While the Crimean Khanate almost certainly could have, with their larger numbers, forced a victory, they did not pursue this goal. From one standpoint, it was the meeting of cultures, where history and a new direction of diplomacy and military tactics would ensue. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. OBVERSE: depicts Athena, the Goddess of just war and wisdom. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. In June 1694 Tatar muslims forces invaded Polish territory with the aim to pillage the countryside and capture prisoners for ransom. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. This one depicts the Battle of Hodow and is a much more interesting design than the 2017 coin. In June 1694, during the reign of Jan III Sobieski, several years after the famous Battle of Vienna, the Crimean Khanate decided to strike against the Commonwealth in order to acquire booty. Due to the number of the enemy’s troops, estimated by some witnesses at 40 thousand soldiers, the“elears from Okopy” garrisoned rural buildings from where they defended themselves against the Tatars, on foot and using long frearms. The National Bank of Poland (NBP) is continuing its series of coins showcasing some of the battles in Polands history where the home nation was very much the underdog. Filed Under: 2018, Coin Articles, Columns, Featured Articles, Mint of Poland, World Coins, Your email address will not be published. Not AC/DC, but Darth Vader, his dimensional coin returning in coloured form, Latvia celebrates the ecology of our urban environments with its latest shaped silver coin, Early November updates with guide revisions, tweaks, and more…, The Ghana Leopard bullion coin from Scottsdale Mint is back for a fourth outing with a gold proof in tow, The Mint of Poland celebrates the life of Buddha on its latest high relief silver coin, 2020 CHIBI COLLECTION by the New Zealand Mint, Rocketman goes Bullionman as Elton John’s British coin debuts in cheaper, higher volume form. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. For the next 6 hours Polish troops resisted relentless Tatar attacks. This one depicts the Battle of Hodow and is a much more interesting design than the 2017 coin. Fought in June, 1694, the Battle of Hodow involved the forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Crimean Khanate. Even after the Polish ran out of bullets, they continued to fire at the enemy, using Tatar arrows as impro… The Okopy forces were supported by Mikołaj Tyszkowski’s 200 cavalrymen from another border fort – Szaniec Panny Marii (Virgin Mary Rampart) and with Zahorowski’s subordinates, they would be remembered for distinguishing themselves by displaying excellent defensive skills and fortitude. The Polish forces sent to stop them consisted of 7 chorągwie of hussars and pancerni from Okopy Świętej Trójcy and Szaniec Panny Marii strongholds, approximately four hundred men in total. The Battle of Hodów was a battle between the Kingdom of Poland and Crimean Khanate forces, fought in June 1694 in Red Ruthenia, near the village of Hodów. Earlier that month, the Crimean Khanate, a force of Muslim Tatars had invaded Polish territory with the intent of pillaging. [4], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Report from the celebration of the 320th anniversary of the Battle of Hodów and the unveiling of renewed monument of the Battle, Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Ukraine, 3.11.2014, http://www.kresy.pl/kresopedia,historia,rzeczpospolita?zobacz/hodow-1694, http://www.konflikty.pl/a,4291,Wczesna_nowozytnosc,Polskie_Termopile_1694._Bitwa_pod_Hodowem.html, Bolesław I's intervention in the Kievan succession crisis, First Mongol invasion of Poland (1240/41), Second Mongol invasion of Poland (1259/60), Third Mongol invasion of Poland (1287/88), Polish–Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1512–22), Polish–Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1534–37), https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Hodów&oldid=718604642, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Ottoman–Tatar Invasion of Lithuania and Poland. Among the hussars’ most impressive yet often overlooked triumphs is the Battle of Hodow in 1694. Back in Black. King John III Sobieski made use of this outstanding victory to raise army morale: he paid generous compensation to those who lost their horses, financed treatment of wounded and rewarded those who captured enemy soldiers. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article Unable to defeat the Poles, Tatar tacticians sent Polish-speaking Lipka Tatars, ethnic Tatars who originally settled in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the beginning of the 14th century to convince the Polish troops to surrender. Polish cavalry charged 700 Tatar cavalryman vanguard and made them withdraw. This monument survived into modern times and was renewed in the summer of 2014, then officially unveiled during the celebration of 320th anniversary of the Battle, on 25 October 2014. The group of cavalry from Okopy, called by their contemporaries “elears from Okopy”, cut across the path of the Tatar invasion near Hodów. Battle of Hodów. [3] When the Polish commander refused, the Tatars withdrew to Kamieniec Podolski and gave up on the entire invasion, having gained nearly nothing despite large troop numbers. The battle has been compared by historians and military tacticians as the “Polish Thermopylae,” inasmuch as the valiant defenders of Hodów were compared to the 300 Spartans defending Thermopylae. Copyright 2013-20 TIGRIS REGEM LTD | All Rights Reserved. The Polish Thermopylae is a name used to refer to several battles in Polish history. Earlier that month, the Crimean Khanate, a force of Muslim Tatars had invaded Polish territory with the intent of pillaging. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. A mounted Hussaar in full charge is a dynamic piece of work and the map background grounds the imagery to a specific time and place. The Polish charged Tatar forces on fields near Hodow, leading to the withdrawal of the Tatar vanguard. Famous last stands dubbed "the Polish Thermopylae", Wiktorzak A., Wizna – Polskie Termopile, Głos Weterana, nr 9, 1997, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polish_Thermopylae&oldid=983708954, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:01. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Unable to defeat the Poles, Tatars sent Polish-speaking Lipka Tatars to convince the Polish troops to surrender. The first encounter took place on the fields near Hodów. The Kingdom of Poland sent a small force of only 400 men, drawn from strongholds in Red Ruthenia, in the modern Ukraine.

The modern credit card is 70 years old. In total, more than 1,000 cavalry and soldiers from the Tatar force were killed, and fewer than 100 of the Polish force. Vulgar and/or abusive comments will not be tolerated. Legend has it that the battle, which is sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae, was fought between anywhere from 10,000 to 25,000 Crimean Khanate and just 400 members of the Polish cavalry, among whom were plenty of hussars. Fought in June, 1694, the Battle of Hodow involved the forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Crimean Khanate. This failed and the Crimean Khanate withdrew from Poland entirely. The Polish regiments were substantially outnumbered by the Tatars who were estimated at 25 to 70 thousand — though contemporary witnesses put the numbers at 40,000, which has been the most commonly quoted figure and was also reiterated by John III Sobieski (reigned 1674–1696), the king of Poland at the time. The Battle of Hodow is sometimes called the Polish Thermopylae. Last years portrait is quite staid in comparison and we feel this one will have wider appeal outside of Poland. The Battle of Hodów was a battle between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Crimean Khanate forces, fought in June 1694 in Red Ruthenia, near the Hodów village. Polish forces consisted of cavalry banners from the garrison: Okopy Świętej Trójcy (Holy Trinity Trenches) (at the mouth of the Zbruch River near Kamianets-Podilskyi), among which there were almost 100 hussars and maybe 300 mediumcavalrymen (pancerni).

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